1. Gorham LW, Stout AP. Massive osteolysis (acute spontaneous absorption of bone, phantom bone, disappearing bone): its relation to hemangiomatosis. J Bone Joint Surg [Am] 1955;37-A:985-1004.

2. Ross JL., Schinella R., and Shenkman L. Massive osteolysis: An unusual cause of bone destruction. The American Journal of Medicine 1978; 65(2): 367-372.

3. Jackson JBS. A boneless arm. Boston Med Surg J 1838;18:368-9.

4. Jackson JBS. Absorption of the humerus after fracture. Boston Med Surg J 1872;10:245-7.

5. Arthur Purdy Stout Society. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Sep 2011. <>.

6. Azur, HA. “Arthur Purdy Stout (1885-1967), a pioneer of surgical pathology: a survey of his Notes on the Education of an “Oncological” Surgical Pathologist..” Annals of Diagnostic Pathology 2.4 (1998): 271-9. Web. 2 Sep 2011.

7. WRIGHT, I.S. “Memorial. L. Whittington Gorham, M.D..” Transactions of the Amercan Clinical and Climatological Association 80. (1969): n. pag. PubMed Central. Web. 2 Sep 2011.

8. Gorham, L.W., Wright, A.W., Shultz, H. H., and Maxon, F. C. “Disappearing bones: A rare form of massive osteolysis: Report of two cases, one with autopsy findings.” American Journal of Medicine 17.5 (1954): 674-682.

9. MÖLLER, G., Priemel, M., Amling, M. Werner, M., Kuhlmey, A. S., Delling, G. “The Gorham-Stout syndrome (Gorham’s massive osteolysis) A REPORT OF SIX CASES WITH HISTOPATHOLOGICAL FINDINGS.” Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery (Br) 81B.3 (1999): 501-6. Web. 2 Sep 2011.

10. Heffez L, Doku HC, Carter BL, et al: Perspectives on massive osteolysis. Report of a case and review of the literature. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 55:331-343, 1983.

11. Johnson, Philip M. and McClure, James G. Observations on Massive Osteolysis: A Review of the Literature and Report of a Case.Radiology July 1958 71:28-42.

12. Torg JS, Steel HH. Sequential roentgenographic changes occurring in massive osteolysis. J Bone Joint Surg Am 1969; 51:1649-55.

13. Dupond JL, Bermont L, Runge M, de Billy M. Plasma VEGF determination in disseminated lymphangiomatosis-Gorham-Stout syndrome: a marker of activity? A case report with a 5-year follow-up. Bone. 2010 Mar;46(3):873-6.

14. Yalniz E., Alicioglu B., Benlier E., Yilmaz1 B., Altaner S.  Gorham-Stout Disease of the Humerus. JBR–BTR, 2008, 91: 14-17.

15. Chattopadhyay P, Bandyopadhyay A, Das S, Kundu A J. Gorham’s disease with spontaneous recovery. Singapore Med J 2009; 50(7).

16.  Duffy B, Manon R, Patel R, Welsh JS, et al. A case of Gorham’s disease with chylothorax treated curatively with radiation therapy.Clin Med Res. 2005;3:83–6.

17.  Lee WS, Kim SH, Kim I, et al. Chylothorax in Gorham’s disease. J Korean Med Sci. 2002;17:826–9.

18.  Aviv RI, McHugh K, Hunt J. Angiomatosis of bone and soft tissue: a spectrum of   disease from diffuse lymphangiomatosis to vanishing bone disease in young patients. Clin Radiol. 2001 Mar;56(3):184-90.


Source: (April 5th, 2016)